Microbiologist who discovered Streptomycin, an antibiotic used in the treatment for tuberculosis which gave complications to the soldiers during war.
Selman A. Waksman
Thomas Francis Jr., MD, and Jonas Salk, MD
First approved vaccine for influenza was tested in soldiers who had been affected by the flu.
Develops the first cardiac pacemaker to control soldiers' heart rhythm.
Develops the first polio vaccine due to the major outbreaks during battle.
Uses X-ray diffussion to study the structure of DNA for body identification of dead soldiers.
Dr. John Heysham Gibbon
An American surgeon, invented the heart-lung machine. He also performed the first ever open-heart surgery, repairing an atrial septal defect, also known as a hole in the heart. This helped improve the probability of survival in soldiers when they had small wounds that would've otherwise been deadly.
Dr. Joseph E. Murray
Performs the first kidney transplant between identical twins. This improve the life of wounded soldiers who might've been sent back home or civilians who couldn't enlist in the army due to kidney failure.
Invented the first vaccine for pneumonia which saved the life of many soldiers which were infected with the disease due to the low-water temperatures.
Discovered HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. This helped the soldiers be more aware of the consequences of sexual transmitted diseases.
Created the first vaccine to target a cause of cancer to help soldiers in need of a better treatment for this disease.
Professor Ian Frazer
Massachusetts General Hospital
The success of an first-time experimental surgery will determine future availability for U.S. cancer patients and veterans with injuries to the pelvic region.
State researchers developed a have developed new superglue that can be an alternative to surgical stitches and staples. This can be really helpful to prevent hemorrhages and massive bleeding in soldier wounds during combat.
Selman A. Waksman
- Hajar, Rachel. "History of Medicine Timeline." US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health., Jan 16, 2015. Web.
- "History of Medicine Timeline." Dates and Events, www.datesandevents.org/events-timelines/10-history-of-medicine-timeline.htm. Accessed 8 Jan. 2019. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4379645/. Accessed 8 Jan. 2019.