A student with a learning disability in basic reading is born with this. Your child's brain has areas that are not activated during reading such as Parieto-temporal (word analysis), and the Occipito-temporal (word formation). Eventually these areas of the brain will begin to work.
Factors to rule out
Students with learning difficulties are not caused by economic status, low intellegience, lack of instruction, cultural factors (speaking a different language), hearing / vision or physical disability.
Studnets many have difficulty with - spelling, sounding out words, trouble learning new vocabulary words, recognizing symbols and letters
Helping your Student
Although learning difficulties is not something that can be cured, students can learn strategies through modeling ("this is how you say it"), feedback, and one-on-one instruction time.
Studnets can still learn with support and can become independent and successful readers with strategies.