Now that Great Britain had managed to push Spain out of Georgia, it was time to colonize it.
James Oglethorpe was a member of England's Parliament, and he wanted to help poor people. At that time, anyone who ccould not pay their bills would be thrown in jail. He wanted to change this system, so he came up with the idea of allowing the poor and unemployed people in England to move to the new colony in America.
Charter of 1732
In order to start a colony, Oglethorpe needed a charter. A charter is an official paper that gives a person rights from the government.
What's a Charter?
The king liked the idea of the new colony, and decided that it would be called "Georgia" after him.
In the charter, King George named Oglethorpe and 20 other men as trustees of the colony. A trustee is a person or group given power and authority to make decsions.
Who's in Charge?
According to the charter, the 3 reasons for settling Georgia were: 1. philanthropy (helping the poor) 2. economics (colonists had to grow WRIST crops) 3. defense (Georgia would protect South Carolina from the Spanish)
Purpose of Colony
The New Settlement
Who did Oglethorpe want to move to the new colony?
Who actually moved to Georgia?
Oglethorpe wanted Georgia to be a place for the poor who needed a new start
but he also knew that a new colony needed people who could provide services to the new colony
in the end, this new colony had to have farmers, bakers, carpenters, tailors, and other people who had the skills that would make the colony a success, and they weren't poor
after being interviewed Oglethorpe selected his group, it turned out that none of these first 114 people who sailed on the Anne ship
The First Encounter
After 3 months of sailing, Oglethorpe and his group landed and looked for a place to settle. They found land close to the Savannah River, which was perfect for farming.
The place they decided upon was called Yamacraw Bluff, but Yamacraw Indians were already living there. So Oglethorpe negotiated with their chief, Tomochichi. This was possible with the help of a woman named Mary Musgrove.
Mary Musgrove was half Yamacraw and half British, so she was able to translate between the two men. The negotiations were successful and the new settlement was named Savannah.
Rules and Regulations
limits on land - only adult males could own land; each male was given 50 acres of land, and another 50 for each additional family member or servant, but no one could own more than 500 acres of land (the trustees didn't want to have very wealthy or very poor people)
inheritance laws - land could only be passed down to sons and not daughters, so if a family only had daughters, the land was just given to another family (the trustees didn't think that a woman could defend herself against a Spanish attack)
slaves - slavery was banned (the trustees thought that owning slaves would make the colonists lazy)
alcohol - no rum or liquor other than wine or beer (the trustees thought that drinking led to laziness)
Catholics and Jews - they were banned (the trustees thought that Catholics would side with Spain in a battle, and Jews were generally disliked)
Ethnic Groups & Malcontents in Early Georgia
came to Georgia looking for religious freedom; skilled at silk-making; founded the Ebenezer community
known to be fierce soldiers; established the town of Darien
Georgia colonists who were angry with the trustees because of all of the rules; they were wealthy and wanted to make more money through the use of slaves and selling alcohol
Jewish people were forbidden, but a group showed up anyhow and they weren't turned away because the colony's only doctor had just died; the group had a doctor with them