Democratic Republic of Congo Population challenge
Map of Democratic Republic of Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo,is a country located in the continent of Africa. The capital of this country is Kinshasa. The country has a population of 87 million, and this number is expected to grow rapidly as the country is going through a population explosion. The country has a GDP of 37.24 billion USD as per 2017.
Population Pyramid of Democratic Republic of Congo
This is the population pyramid of DRC. Most of the population is in the pre- reproductive ages, which means that more people will reach the reproductive ages faster. This also shows that the life expectancy is not very high and birth rates are very high. Looking at the population pyramid, the country is in the 2nd stage of the demographic transition.
Demographic transition of Democratic Republic of Congo-
The country is in the second stage of the demographic transition model, which is early expanding. In the country, the death rates are lower than the birth rates and the death rates are further declining, while the birth rates remain high. This causes a population explosion in the country. Other factors leading to the overpopulation of the country is the population living in rural areas where mortality rates are high,thus couples give birth to more children thinking that not all will survive to become adults. In rural areas, more children are born and fertility rate is higher, due to above reason.
Condition of villages in DRC-
Adults literacy rate-
Per cent of population in urban and rural areas-
Villages with access to operational health infrastructure.
Facts about the DRC
64% of people in Democratic Republic of Congo, live on less than 1.90 dollars a day.
The life expectancy in Democratic Republic of Congo is only 60.5 years that implies that the health facilities are not very advanced.
The total fertility rate, which is the average number of children born per woman is 6.11, a big factor to the increasing population of the country.
One of the population related issue of the Democratic Republic of Congo is overpopulation. Following are the factors that contribute to this problem:
1.High rural population
2.No adequate standards education on school levels and on topic s such as family planning
3.No social awareness or government policies created towards towards family planning
4. No opportunities for women
5. Women can not enter work force
6.No adequate standard of living
7.High fertility rates
9.As most of the population is in the pre-reproductive stages, more people will reach the reproductive stages faster.
10.No proper health care in rural areas
Among all the factors of the problem of overpopulation listed above, some are directly linked to the problem while some are indirectly. To solve this problem, there are some factors that need to be identified and solved as soon as possible to stabilize the population of the country.
The solution to this problem of overpopulation is innovation of urbanization and system of change by changing policies. The solution in detailed is below-
In this solution, NGOs and Governments come together to make a change and solve the problem. Urbanization will be encouraging more people to move to urban areas. This will affect the population as it will decrease as, women will be given more opportunities,health infrastructure will increase, infant mortality rate will decrease, education on school and family planning will increase, cost of living will become higher so it will be more expensive to pay and care for children(which is why some might choose to have less children) . These are some of the reasons that could impact the population as a result of urbanization due to above mentioned changes. The policy change as a part of the solution, will be of only allowing couples to have two children . If any couple will have more children than two, then they would be liable to pay extra taxes depending on the economic state and number of children. During the process of encouraging people to moving people to urban areas, the birth rate in rural areas, will also simultaneously decrease because they would not want to pay extra taxes, especially if living in poverty.
NGOs and Governments-
For this solution to be successful and come into action NGOs and Governments will have to divide the work and come together to work on this collaborative project. For this NGOs will have to carry out the process of encouraging people to move to urban areas. They will also have the responsibility to create small scale jobs that can be employed by at least a 1,000 people and other details shall be made following governmental guidelines. These can be organisations such as population media organisation, one example that is an organisation already doing something to help solve this problem. The government should be responsible for changing policies and implementing them.They should be taking charge of the charge of extra charge that has to be collected and keep records of these charges.
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“Democratic Republic of the Congo - Literacy Rate 2016.” Countryeconomy.com, Follow Us, countryeconomy.com/demography/literacy-rate/democratic-republic-congo
.“Democratic Republic of the Congo.” Population Media Center, www.populationmedia.org/location/dr-congo/.“DR Congo Ebola Deaths Pass 1,000.”
BBC News, BBC, 3 May 2019, www.bbc.co.uk/news/amp/world-africa-48155280.Grover, Drew.
“Stage 2 of the Demographic Transition Model.” Population Education, 22 Feb. 2019, populationeducation.org/stage-2-demographic-transition-model/
.“Life Expectancy in DR Congo.” World Life Expectancy, www.worldlifeexpectancy.com/dr-congo-life-expectancy.