On July 25, 1941 "Emmett Louis Till" was born in Chicago, Illinois and raised by his parents "Mamie Till" and "Louis Till".
1943 - 1945
August 21, 1955
August 24, 1955
After Emmett Till's parents separated in 1943, the father was drafted by the U.S army to serve in World War 2. Louis Till was subject to rape and murder of three women in Italy in 1944. He was given capital punishment and was executed by the army in 1945. The reason for his death was not revealed until after the death of his son. This cruel event had an impact on the discussion of the lynching of Emmett Till 10 years later.
Emmett arrives in Money Mississippi
Carolyn Bryant's Encounter
On August 24, 1955, Emmett Till and a group of friends decided to visit Bryant's grocery store after a day of working out in the fields. After leaving the grocery store, witnesses say Emmett Till was dared to whistle the women on cashier Carolyn Bryant. This sparked a conflict with the cashiers husband Roy Bryant and his brother J.W Milan which eventually lead to the fate of Emmett Till.
On August 21 Emmett arrives in Money, Mississippi where would be staying with his great uncle, Moses Wright. Moses was a sharecropper at the time. Emmett and his cousins would work in the corn fields with their great uncle.
“ Louis was executed by the Army in 1945 after being found guilty of raping two Italian women and murdering a third in Civitavecchia, Italy, in June of 1944.”
"Emmett Till. Contemporary Black Biography"
Louis Till's Fate
August 28, 1955
September 3rd 1955
On August 28th, 1955 Emmett Till was murdered by two WW2 veterans, Roy Bryant and J.W Milam. They abducted him in the night and at first didn't have the intent to kill him, they only wanted to scare him by threatening that they would throw him over a bridge. They could not find the spot so they brought him back to J.W Milam’s house where they pistol whipped him then shot him. His death sparked the civil rights movement.
Emmett Till's Death
Emmett Till's mother insisted that he have an open casket funeral because she wanted others to see what had been done to Emmett's face (Which was brutally mutilated). This opened many eyes to the racism in america. This also made him a symbol for the civil rights movement. Also as an act of courage Emmett Till's mother went took to court to accuse the white men that she believed had committed Emmett's mother.
Emmett's case was taken to court where his murderers were acquitted because the jury believed that Emmett’s behavior towards Carolyn Bryant (which is said to be just whistling) was a reasonable excuse to lynch Emmett. As many of you know the civil rights movement was a protest to promote racial equality and fairness, and Emmett Till's lynching was one of the factors that ignited the movement.
September 15th ,1955
When a book titled “The Blood Of Emmett Till” was published revealing Carolyn Bryant's confession to how the majority of her testimony in 1955 was fabricated, It led to the case reopening. To this day Emmett's story resonates with many people as it left a long lasting scar in African-American history.