Donald Eichorn, in 1966, wrote the first full book promoting creation for middle schools for grades 6-8. Middle schools were first introduced to help with the over population in elementary schools of students within the school districts. In the 2000's, Anthony Jackson and Gayle Davis noted that the structural change and how the students are being taught differently was very beneficial for the students. People were beginning to see success from dividing the grades up. (Middle Schools)
Dame Schools were first created before the 16th century in England. They were small private schools run by women. These schools existed in rural areas and in towns. The schools were most often found within the home of the teacher (Britannica).
Homeschooling has been around since before the twentieth century. It was thought that children should be kept from formal schooling until the age of eight or ten because they were not mature enough for it yet since they are still developing. This is how homeschooling started. Homeschooling requires a great deal of time because of having to create a curriculum, learning how to manage time, and parents who do not have a teaching background can struggle with teaching their children. (Davis)
Latin Schools were created only 15 years after the Puritans arrived in America. These schools were for boys, ages 7-14, and the education they received focused on the classics. The boys would master Latin after going to the school for at least seven years. After graduating from this school, the students were expected to attend a college or pursue a career in the ministry or politics. Latin schools had a tuition that students had to pay to attend the school (Carjuzaa).
Academies were established almost 100 years after Latin schools. These schools are private secondary schools that prepared students for a number of fields. Similar to Latin schools, Academies had a tuition; however, majority of these schools welcomed both boys and girls. These schools became very popular, but were still limited for children of middle or lower class families (Carjuzaa).
This kind of school provided free public education for every student. The English Classical School was eventually renamed the "English High School". In these high schools, students were taught a practical curriculum. Even though these schools were open for "all students" boys attended these schools. A female high school was later opened; however, it closed after two years. The boys often studied merchants and mechanics in hopes to prepare for a future career (Carjuzaa).
Public schools were created throughout the nation, changing the tuition fees and taxes for people to attend. A law was created by legislation requiring communities with more than 500 families to establish publicly funded high schools. As soon as taxes were used to support high schools, suddenly the amount of high schools students in the United States raised to 4 million (Carjuzaa). When public schools became more popular, more students began to finish school and graduate. Equal rights movements began during this time to help make education equal for both men and women (School).
Junior High Schools:
In preparation for students with a high academic demand, junior high schools were established, holding students in grades 7-8 and sometimes 9. By 1930, there were 2,000 junior high schools. These schools were thought to be the answer to bridge elementary and high school together in a way that prepared the students academically.
There are currently 50.7 million students enrolled in public schools. Of the 50.7 million students in a public school, 35.6 million of those students are in prek-8th grade. Education is growing rapidly each year, and it is amazing to see how it all started (NCES facts).
SOURCES http://tomco.co/digital-marketing-nyc/remarketing-need/ A. (n.d.). Middle Schools - The Emergence of Middle Schools, Growth and Maturation of the Middle School
Movement. Retrieved from http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2229/Middle-Schools.html
Britannica, T. E. (2017, May 01). Dame school. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/topic/dame-school
Carjuzaa, J., & Kellough, R. D. (2016). Teaching in the middle and secondary schools (10th ed.). Boston, MA:
Davis, A. a. (2011). Evolution of Homeschooling. Distance Learning, 8(2), 29-35.
School: The Story of American Public Education. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.facinghistory.org/books-borrowing/school-story-american-public-education
The NCES Fast Facts Tool provides quick answers to many education questions (National Center for Education Statistics). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=372