Human rights are so much a part of our daily lives here in Australia that we tend to take them for granted. Many principles that have been adopted in international human rights practices have their roots in traditions and religions that are thousands of years old. Different countries, societies and cultures have come up with their own definitions over time to suit their particular environment or context.
The origins of human rightss
Video- write down three facts for discussion
How do we define human rights?
Human rights can be defined in different ways. The Australian Human Rights Commission notes that definitions may include:
the recognition and respect of people’s dignity
a set of moral and legal guidelines that promote and protect a recognition of our values• our identity and ability to ensure an adequate standard of living
the basic standards by which we can identify and measure inequality and fairness
those rights associated with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
What role does the United Nations play?
The United Nations (UN) was formed in the aftermath of World War II on 24 October 1945 by countries committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and security. Today, nearly every nation(currently 193 countries) in the world belongs to the UN. One of the main aims of the UN Charter is to promote respect for human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1948, sets out basic rights and freedoms to which all women and men are entitled.
Using your handout of the selected articles of the UDHR decide which ones are being violated in the following scenarios....
A factory owner in India forces his workers to work for a year without a holiday doing 14 hour shifts for $3 a day...
A 8 year old boy is forced to fight as a child soldier but he really wants to go to school…
.A women refused to marry a man through an arranged marriage. The man punished her by throwing acid on her face…
AAman is denied entry to a nightclub because he is homosexual…..
AA four year old Vietnamese girl is forced to scavenge for food at a local tip because her family is so poor….
AA man is executed publicly in China for speaking out against the government…