Unemployment- When a person doesn't have a job or a work place to gather money to help them survive~ The government loses the money they give the unemployed.
Unemployment Rate- The percentage of people in the civilian labor force who are not working but are looking for jobs~ The economy loses workers but can also gain them
Inflation- A long-term increase in general level of prices~ The companies gain money and the customeres lose moeny
Deflation- The reduction of the average level of prices in an economy~ The companies gain littler amounts of money and the customers spend littler
Depression- A period of time where the markets are not trading and the industrial activity is reduced~ Customers lose more becuase of the demand but the companies don't necessarily make more.