By: Tianna Pinder
Civil War Timeline
December 20, 1860
March 11, 1861
April 12, 1861
March 9, 1862
April 8-9, 1862
South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the union.
The Confederate constitution was signed in Montgomery, Alabama.
The civil war began with the battle of Fort Sumter. This battle ended in a Confederate win.
Battle of Monitor and Merrimack was the first ever battle between ironclad warships.
During the Battle of Shiloh Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces are surprised at the town of Shiloh in Tennessee. The battle resulted in over 23,000 deaths.
June 1, 1862
June 25, 1862
September 17, 1862
September 22, 1862
Dec 13, 1862
Robert E. Lee assumes command of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia
The seven Days of fighting, occurred when General Robert E. Lee attacks George McClellan's Union Army.
The Battle of Antietam is the bloodiest battle. Over 26,000 men are killed. Though officially a draw, the battle stops General Robert E. Lee's invasion of Maryland.
Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declares his intention to free all slaves in any new territory captured by the Union Army.
The battle of Fredricksburg resulted in a Union loss and 14 individual assaults on an entrenched Confederate position cost the Union 13,000 casualties.
January 1, 1863
March 3, 1863
May 1-4 1863
May 10, 1863
July 4, 1863
Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. It frees all slaves in territory captured by the Union Army, and orders the enlistment of Black soldiers.
Congress enacts the first draft ever, requiring every man to serve in the army unless he can furnish a substitute or pay the government $300.
Battle of Chancellorsville resulted in 17,000 Union casualties and 13,000 Confederate.
Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson dies from wounds sustained when he was mistakenly shot by his own troops at Chancellorsville.
In the battle of Vicksburg the Union controls the Mississippi river, splitting the Confederacy in two.
July 13-16 1863
September 19, 1863
March 9, 1864
April 2, 1865
September 2, 1864
Draft Riots break out in northern cities resulting in 120 men, woman, and children being killed (mostly blacks)
Lincoln gives the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the National Cemetery at the battlefield in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
President Lincoln appoints Ulysses S. Grant commander of all Union armies.
The Union Army captures Richmond, Virginia, which is nearly leveled by shelling and fire.
Union General Sherman captures Atlanta and burns it to the ground.