16 years of violence plague Darfur, Sudan, a country in North Africa.
Rebels attack a Sudanese government air base, prompting the gov. to enlist Arab tribes to resolve the conflict. These tribes are nomadic and leave havoc in their wake.
Involved groups (Sudanese gov.& humanitarian organizations) agree to ceasefire. Violence in Darfur continues.
The African Union Mission sends 7,000 peacemaking troops to Darfur. By the end of 2004, 2 million are displaced and 100,000 are dead.
The nomadic tribes form malitias called the Janjaweed, which translates to "devils on horseback."
The UN Security Council begins formal investigation and orders sanctions against those who violate the ceasefire. The Sudanese gov. refuses to cooperate.
A string a peace agreements are signed, to little effect. Violence persists and the number of Darfur refugees in neighboring Chad reachers an all time high.
South Sudan gains independence. Areas of the border remain in conflict due to disputes over land and water rights.
After subsidy cuts due to a loss of oil revenue, scores of people die in clashes between Sudan and South Sudan.
As citizens protest price hikes on basic goods, the Sudanese gov. shuts down protests, arrests those speaking in opposition & bans media coverage.
NOV - DEC
International attention is gained when a court in Khartoum sentences a woman to death for apostasy. She was born to a Muslim father but raised as a Christian, and failed to recant her Christianity.
The Darfur genocide is the first recognized genocide of the 21st century and has already claimed 500,000 lives and displaced 2.8 million others.
THE WORLD'S LARGEST HUMANITARIAN CRISIS
To this day, violence in Darfur and Sudan persists. In February of this year, President Bashir of Sudan declared a state of emergency, shifting and sacking members of his cabinet in an attempt to end opposition to his rule, during which up to 40 people died. Protests continue, and the Alliance for Freedom and Change is quoted saying, "Nothing will satisfy the people who are taking to the streets except the overthrow of his regime."
A timeline of the Darfur genocide taking place in Sudan, 2003 to present.