The Classical Perspective of Management
The classical perspective of management is often criticized for ignoring human desires and needs in the workplace and does not take into consideration human error in work performance. The classical perspective has strong influences on modern operations and process improvement.
The classical perspective of management, which emerged from the Industrial Revolution, focuses on improving the efficiency, productivity, and output of employees, as well as the business as a whole. However, it generally does not focus on human or behavioral attributes or variances among employees, such as how job satisfaction improves employee efficiency.
The Classical Perspective of Management has 4 sub categories.
Emphasizes scientifically determined jobs and management practices as the way to improve efficiency and labor productivity. In the late 1800's a young engineer, Fredrick Winslow Taylor proposed that worked "could be retooled like machines,their physical and mental gear recalibrated for better productivity."
A systematic developed in Europe that looks at the organizations as a whole. A subfield within the classical perspective. Max Weber a German theorist, introduced most of the concepts on this.
Administrative Principles Approach
Focuses on the total organization. A major contributor to this approach was Henri Fayol a French mining engineer who worked his way up to become head of a large mining group known as Comambault.
Also known as the "quantitative perspective" helped with its applications of mathematics, statistics, and other quantitative techniques to management decision making and problem solving.