Leading up to the American Revolution many things led up to the reaction of the British government and their taxation and regulations. After the French and Indian war, the English lost a lot of money and went into debt. They required more money and decided that taxes would be the best way of getting money. George Grenville was the chancellor in charge and decided to up the tax by small increments so it would lead to frustration but not outright revolt.
Loyalist aka Tories
Out of about 2.4 million people that lived in the colonies in 1775 about 300,000 to 400,000 people were still loyal to King George
All data is averaged out through different sources... not approximate
Patriots aka Whigs
At this time with lots of unrest and uproar from the colonist about 40-55% of the colonies were on the side of
Many Colonist at the time realized the hostility between the sides and decided to stay neutral or remain undecided
The stamp act was the first direct tax on the colonist and it was a major upset toward the colonist since it was a necessary. The Stamp act was relatively unexpected and once it was released it caused an uproar and just outright refusal of using anything under the stamp act. After the colonists reaction led to major organized acts of opposition, the act was later repealed. But what followed was the Declaratory acts which angered the colonist even more since it basically said that the british had total control of the legislative body in the colonies. What was important about the Stamp Act was it sparked one of the first acts of aggression from the colonist towards the English which will eventually lead to the revolution which would happen a decade later.
The Sons of Liberty became a major role into the organized acts against the British for the Stamp Act, they influenced the resistance against them by organizing rallies, riots, and had petitions. Sometimes thing may have gotten violent like threatening english officials and burning down shops. They used violence and intimidation to force british workers to resign and stop and also threaten american merchants from any affiliation with the british
Sons of Liberty
Daughters of Liberty
The Daughters of Liberty formed 11 years before the wars began and it started out by organizing boycotts and promoting Patriotism. They were similar to the Sons of liberty but less violent and more behind the scenes. They encourages liberty and freedom before and during the American Revolution. One of their major boycotts was after the Tea Act was passed they had a boycott and it led to many colonist swearing to never drink tea until the act was repealed
The townshend acts followed right after the stamp acts repeal, this was a series of taxes place on imports of british goods like clothes, paper, tea, paint, jewelry, etc. The act would eventually be repealed like the stamp act but with only the tax on tea left standing. This united the colonist even more so than the stamp act and we began to see how taxinging without representation became very important in the colonies
These were groups and parties that were appointed in the colonies to provide a stability and leadership in the colony. This sparked after a town meeting in boston in which John Adams brought up the idea of having a group represents the rights of the colonist. After this meeting in 1772 many groups throughout the thirteen colonies began to form. They were able to transfer important information on the british and warn others on possible clashes
Commitee of Correspondence
was a clash between colonist and the english soldier in boston massachusetts. MArch 5 1770 a mob formed in front of the barracks of british soldier furious about a rumor and they began to tease and mock the soldier, they began to pelt snowballs and ice at them and amidst the fear one soldier had prepared his musket and others followed assuming an order was given. Crispus Attucks, a black sailor, was struck and was first to die and in the end five colonist died, three were injured.
Tea Act- 1773
The Tea Act was passed as part of the Townshend act that were imposed on british goods and this was the only act that lasted after the repeal. They protested on the tax and taxation without representation which led to 342 chest of tea to be dumped into the boston harbour by colonist dressed as Mohawk indians.
Intolerable Acts- 1774
The Intolerable Acts were placed by the British government to restrict the colonist because of their protest and defiance. After the actions at the Boston Tea Party, the colonist were "getting out of hand" and they needed restrictions. It closed the Boston Harbour, denied public meetings without approval, and the continuation of the Quartering Act.