Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serbian activist.
(Jun 28, 1914)
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. The fact it has taken a month betrays their cynical decision to use it to finally attack Serbia. Some have argued that, had they attacked sooner, it would have been an isolated war.
Germany, an ally of Austria-Hungary, declares war on Russia and demands the neutrality of Russia's ally France; France refuses and mobilizes. Germany declares war on France. Suddenly, Germany is fighting the two front war they long feared.
Russia declares war on Turkey. Turkey joins the Central Powers; Britain and France declare war on .
(Jul 28, 1914)
(Aug 1-3, 1314)
(Nov 2-5, 1914)
The Belgium city of Ypres was a city that had an advantageous position on the North side of Belgium. On October 18, Germany and the Allied force started the first out of the three battles to take over this city.
Civilians in Britain were largely unaffected by war, but this was to change on 19 January 1915 with the first air attacks of World War One by the German Zeppelin. In this attack, they used two zeppelins which was capable of travelling at about 85 m.p.h. and carrying up to two tons of bombs.
On 25 April 1915, 16,000 Australian and New Zealand troops landed at what became known as Anzac Cove as part of a campaign to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula.
(Apr 25, 1915)
(Jan 19, 1915)
(Oct. 18 - Nov. 12)
The war ended with an armistice, an agreement in which both sides agree to stop fighting, rather than a surrender. For both sides, an armistice was the fastest way to end the war's misery and carnage. The British, French and U.S. forces had pushed Germany steadily back. With the United States able to send more and more fresh troops into combat, the Germans were outmatched. As Germany’s allies crumbled around them as well, the war’s outcome seemed clear.
The Battle of Somme, fought in France, was one of the bloodiest battles in World War 1 .For 5 months, the British and French armies fought the Germans in a brutal battle of attrition on a 15-mile front. The aims of the battle were to weaken the German Army. However, the Allies were unable to break through German lines. In total, there were over one million dead and wounded on all sides.
The Battle of Jutland was the only major naval encounter between the main British and German battle fleets in World War I. Jutland witnessed the British Navy losing more men and ships but the verdict of the Battle of Jutland was that the German Navy lost.