The Opioid Epidemic
Morphine is given to wounded soldiers to relieve their pain.
The Civil War
Harrison Narcotics Act
This act regulates the production, importation, and distribution of opioid painkillers.
The pain specialist duo publish a paper on the basis of opioids being non-addictive.
Russell Portenoy and Katherine Foley
Two doctors write to the New England Journal of Medicine claiming opioids are safe for use in medical settings.
Purdue Pharma releases the first prescription opioid with a want for profits and the FDA approves, following a string of layoffs due to corruption.
OxyContin sales pass $1 billion a year and continue rising.
Dr. Art Van Zee
The doctor warns Purdue Pharma and the FDA about the potential epidemic.
The FDA cracks down on Purdue Pharma for illegal sales. Dr. Jane Ballantyne writes about a study which provides evidence showing opioids cause more harm than good.
OxyContin sales reach $2 billion a year.
Head of the CDC, Tom Frieden claims that there is an opioid epidemic.
The first recorded deaths related to the legal opioid Fentanyl are taken.
For the first time, heroin deaths pass prescription opioids.
The opioid crisis is first referred to as an epidemic after taking more than 350,000 lives in 19 years.