Hey guys! Today we will be talking about Spanish Vocabulary: articles, nouns of people and things, and adjectives, prepositions, days of the week.
Artilces are words that modify nouns; they're basically adjectives. Although adjectives describe nouns, articles are used to refer to a person, place, or thing.
Examples in English: a,an,& the
Examples in Spanish: el, la, los, las, una, un, unos, unas
El niño es beben. Un niño está leyendo.
The child is drinking. A boy is reading.
Una niña esta jugando. La niña es duerme.
A girl is playing. The girl is asleep.
Examples of Spanish Articles in Sentences
Nouns are objects like people, places, things, relationships, and much more! Nouns in Spanish can be in feminine or masculine form, and singular or plural form too.
Examples in English: mother, father, water, manager, fruit, husband, wife, milk, coffee, fish, horse, library, theater, hospital, city, etc.
Examples in Spanish: madre, padre,
agua, gente, fruta, esposa/esposo,
leche, café, pez, caballo,
librería, teatro, hospital,
La leche es blanca. El caballo esta corriendo.
The milk is white. The horse is running.
Ella es mi esposa. Las entradas al theatro son caras.
She is my wife. The theater tickets are expensive.
Examples of Spanish Nouns in Sentences
Spanish nouns must always agree with the noun they're describing (with the gender and number).
Examples in English: big, small, young, old, fast, new, higher, filthy/dirty, same, different, my, your, our, their, etc.
Examples in Spanish: grande, pequeña, antiguo, rápido, nuevo, mayor, sucia/sucio, mismo, diferente, mi, tu, nuestro/a,
El gato es grande. El niño es joven.
The cat is big. The child is young.
Mi ropa esta sucia. El perro es pequeño.
My clothes are dirty. The dog is small.
Examples of Spanish Adjectives in Sentences
Spanish prepositons describe a relationship between two words to show location, a direction, or time.
Examples in English: under, within, on, right, left, etc.
Examples in Spanish: debajo, dentro, sobre, derecha, izquierda, etc.
Siga a la derecha.
Turn to the right.
El gato está debajo de la mesa.
The cat is under the table.
Examples of Spanish Prepositions in Sentences
Days of the week in English:
Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday
Days of the Week in Spanish: Lunes, Martes, Miércoles, Jueves, Viernes, Sábado Domingo
Spanish Days of the Week
Trabajo los lunes y miércoles.
I work on Mondays and Wednesdays.
El jueves fui a la escuela.
I went to school on Thurday.
Spanish Days of the Week In Spanish
So now that you have reviewed some of the Spanish vocabulary you have learned, now it's time to put your Spanish to the test!
Q1. List THREE Spanish Prepositions
Q.2 What sentence in Spanish says, "The cat is black,"?
Q3. Translate this sentence to English:
"La niña es duerme."
There you have it, you learned and reviewed Spanish Vocabulary!