Emotional Development for 4 to 5 year old children
Both 4 and 5 year olds begin to understand ways of showing love and affection. For example, the child may hug a classmate who is upset or crying. The children can show signs of affection and love by sharing their toys. This stage in their lives is very important, because they are truly understanding how to show emotions and help others.
Fears are very common, but do not last long. At this age, children are afraid of imagined creatures. Sooner or later, the children will realize that there is a significant difference between real and imagined. Now, they are aware of new dangers, but may not know how dangerous something can be. Their imaginations are very bright, for example, a child might learn about sharks that live in the ocean, which creates a fear of the ocean. However, five-year-old's are more afraid of being hurt, then younger children. They know more things that can harm them. For example, they may be afraid of the doctors or dentist. This is because they are aware of pain or injuries associated with these professionals.
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Children 4 to 5 years of age do not have as many causes for anger as toddlers do. However, they may get angry if they do not reach their goals. Children this age express their anger by kicking and yelling. If they take their anger out physically, they may take it out on children or objects.
At this age, children are most likely to become jealous of a new brother or sister. This happens because, they may resent the fact that their parents are spending so much time with a new child. Jealously may surface in children in a number of ways, like crying, toilet accidents, or have physical problems like stomach aches or nightmares. In this stage, they may need a little more extra attention and let them help with the new baby as well.
Four and Five year old's start t learn that some things can be sad. They become aware of the concept of death. Their first death might be a pet. It may take children awhile to understand the pet cannot live again. Children are not always sure how to express sadness. They may deal with sadness in play. Children often need help from adults to learn it is okay to express their feelings. Some children might deal with the death of a close family member. They will need help from the adults to understand what happened.
Tips on how to teach 4-5 year old children
1. Love your child and show your affection for them.
2. Hug, cuddle, read, and talk with them throughout the day.
3. Encourage your child to try new things.
4. ...Give your child opportunities to play with other children their age.
5. ...Show your feelings.
6. ...Establish daily routines.
7. ...Acknowledge your child's feelings.