"The Butterfly Effect in Psychiatry: A Case Example" By Osman Ozdemir, Pinar Guzel Ozdemir, and Ekrem Yilmaz
The government must implement more education programs on mental illness and the effects of social conformity, as well as increase contact with those suffering from mental illness, in order to reduce the consequences of the butterfly effect in a psychological lens.
"Only I wasn't steering anything, not even myself. I just bumped from my hotel to work to parties and from parties to my hotel and back to work like a numb trolleybus" (Plath 3).
"The one thing I was good at was winning scholarships and prizes, and that era was coming to an end. I felt like a racehorse in a world without racetracks" (Plath 77).
"I felt myself shrinking to a small black dot against all those red and white rugs and that pine paneling. I felt like a hole in the ground" (Plath 16).
"I knew I should be grateful to Mrs. Guinea, only I couldn't feel a thing. If Mrs. Guinea had given me a ticket to Europe, or a round-the-world cruise, it wouldn't have made one scrap of difference to me, because wherever I sat...I would be sitting under the same glass bell jar, stewing in my own sour air" (Plath 185).
"In January 1963 Sylvia consulted her GP complaining of depression, and for the first time told him of a serious suicidal attempt she had made ten years earlier...In mid-February, shortly before her psychiatric appointment was due, she was found dead in her own kitchen, with her head in the oven and the gas turned on" (Cooper).
"This effect grants the power to cause a hurricane in China to a butterfly flapping its wings in New Mexico. It may take a very long time, but the connection is real" (What Is Chaos Theory).
"Emotion-related experiences as the result of interaction between person and his environment have been useful for explaining the butterfly effect in psychiatry practice" (Ozdemir).
"Conformity refers to the act of changing one's behavior to match the responses of others" (Cialdini).
"...Both accuracy-and affiliation-oriented goals act in service of a third underlying motive to maintain one's self-concept, both via self-esteem protection as well as self-categorization processes..." (Cialdini).
"About one-third of U.S. college students had difficulty functioning in the last 12 months due to depression, and almost half said they felt overwhelming anxiety in the last year, according to the 2013 National College Health Assessment..." (Novotney).
"Persons with mental illness often have to struggle with a double problem. First, they have to cope with the symptoms of the disease itself...Second, the misunderstandings of society about the various mental disorders result in stigma" (Rusch).
"Survey research suggests that a representative 1996 population sample in the U.S. was 2.5 times more likely to endorse dangerousness stigma than a comparable 1950 group..." (Rusch).
"Education tries to diminish stigma by providing contradictory information. Different forms like books, videos, and structured teaching programs have been used to convey this kind of information" (Rusch).
"...research on educational campaigns suggests changes of behavior are often not assessed, effect sizes are limited, and programmes are more effective for participants who have a better knowledge of mental illness before the education or had contact with persons with mental illness beforehand" (Rusch).
"Among over 7000 subjects interviewed in Germany, Russia, and Mongolia, the view of schizophrenia as being of biological origin led to a greater desire for social distance from persons with schizophrenia" (Rusch).
"Contact with persons with mental illness may help to augment the effects of education on reducing stigma. Research has shown that members of the majority who have met minority group members are less likely to stigmatize against members of this minority" (Rusch).