1857 TO 1896
The Supreme Court ruled that Americans of African descent, whether free or slave, were not American citizens and could not sue in federal court. This case was significant because we know this case as the worst case decision.
It was when 11 states seceded from the U.S. in the 1860 election
It was led by Jefferson Davis. Significance: led to the establishment of the Confederacy.
This was written by Abraham Lincoln to free the slaves of confederate states in rebellion against the Union.
Significance: led to the Union to be able to recruit black soldiers
Granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated after the American Civil War. Significance: guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.”
The 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. This amendment was not very effective until 90 years later when it helped make the Civil War end. Significance: to protect the rights of newly freed people.
Reconstruction was the rebuilding of the South after the Civil War. Most of the Southern states were destroyed during the Civil War. Significance: To push to secure rights for former slaves.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. The slaughter-house cases represented the Supreme Court's first interpretation of the 14th Amendment. Significance: it enforced the 14th Amendment to make sure African Americans had their rights.
Richard Henry Pratt took over the Carlisle Barracks in Cumberland County to create an Indian school. The school was a boarding school for Indian kids. The significance of the school was to complete assimilation.
Granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Significance: to make sure states were not denying men the right to vote.
Plessy v. Ferguson was a U.S Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the “separate but equal." Significance: It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality
The Ku Klux Klan was a terrorist group of white supremacists. They would wear masks over their face so no one could see them.They did acts of terror. The significance was to show how bad racism was.
Harriet Tubman was born a slave who escaped in 1849 to be free. She was the main leader of the underground rail road with helped slaves escape from their owners and go somewhere where they would be free. The significance of Harriet Tubman was that she was a symbol of how black people resisted slavery during the time before the Civil War.