Military strategists in this war believed that their soldiers were required to fight in large groups. When trenches began to be dogged amongst all the fronts, any attack was to be supported by massive artillery barrages and a few tanks. In some cases even supported by gas attacks towards enemy positions. Source: Simkin, John. Spartacus Educational, Spartacus Educational, spartacus-educational.com/FWWtactics.htm.
-image: from visme library
The Great War
WORLD WAR 2
The first actions take by german troops consisted of an strategy named "Blietzkrieg" which consisted of fast movements with tanks and aircraft support, in order to force the enemy to retreat. But when the allies gain the advantage they began to use the same techniques as the germans, only in a larger scale. This war strategies represented massive casualties in all sides. Source: Simkin, John. Spartacus Educational, Spartacus Educational, spartacus-educational.com/FWWtactics.htm. Image from visme
The Korean War
During this war both sides counted the effectiveness of the air force in supporting the ground troops. Still massive artillery barrages were led, as well as tank assaults, when the front stopped moving by the second year of the war, constant strategic assaults begin to cause massive casualties. Which oblige both sides to sign a peace treaty.
Image: Smyth, Julie. “Remembering the Korean War.” Macleans.ca, Macleans.ca, 5 Feb. 2014, www.macleans.ca/news/world/the-fog-of-a-forgotten-war/.
Source: Millett, Allan R. “Korean War.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 18 June 2018, www.britannica.com/event/Korean-War.
Military strategy during this war can be divided in 3 parts, first the French strategy, which consisted of the creation of great deffensive positions around important locations. Then the North Vietnamese one which consisted of surprise attacks maded by gorilla fighters during night time. And finally the American strategy, which consisted of sending great amounts of men munition to defend South Vietnam, american planes laso bombed important North Vietnamese centers.
Source: Spector, Ronald H. “Vietnam War.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 14 Nov. 2018, www.britannica.com/event/Vietnam-War.
image:Staff. “Five Great Books About the Vietnam War for Middle Readers.” History Detectives, 16 Oct. 2017, historydetectives.nyhistory.org/2017/10/five-great-books-vietnam-war-middle-readers/.
The Vietnam War
Soviet Invasion of Afganistan
During this war soviet strategy consisted of small scale movements and helicopter attack towards the Afghani people. It represented a great advancement in strategy, since now soldiers weren't being send on mass, but in small formations with tanks and helicopters, destined to hunt caravans of enemy gorilla. While the Afghani strategy consisted of defending key points and hunting down enemy helicopters, tanks and other vehicle.
Source:“GCSE History - The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan - CCEA - Revision 6.” BBC News, BBC, www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/ztb8y4j/revision/6.
Image: “Russian Invasion of Afghanistan.” History Learning, historylearning.com/modern-world-history/coldwar/russia-invasion-afghanistan/.
This war saw a total blowback in military strategy. As both side loss their experienced soldiers during the first year of the war; they were obliged to used old strategies very similar to the ones implemented in WW1. This meant no side could won the war, gas attacks were pretty common as well as artillery barrages.
Source“Intelligence in Public Literature.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, 10 July 2015, www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol-59-no-2/iran-iraq-war-military-strategic-history.html.
Image: from visme
The Gulf War
At this point, modern technology was going to rule the battlefield. A coalition headed by the U.S emphasize their strategy on a campaign of bombing Iraq's military bases and important places. The coalition did only fight in ground for 3 days, days in which tank assaults supported by elite infantry defeated Iraq's forces, which could only defend their positions.
When the separation of former Yugoslavia began to materialize, the Serbian army and it's enemies found themselves using similar strategies. This consisted of taking enemy civilian populations, ethnic cleansing, air-raids and infantry assaults. War was brutal in this zone and it would mark the way wars are fought nowadays.
source:War, Yugoslavia. “BBC Death of Yugoslavia : Battle of Vukovar 1991.” YouTube, YouTube, 2 May 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvaEWnZXiYM.
image:Knezevic, Gordana. “NEW STUDY: Did The Army That Gave Birth To Yugoslavia Also Destroy It?” Genocide Watch - Prevention, Analysis, Advocacy and Action, Genocide Watch - Prevention, Analysis, Advocacy and Action, 2 July 2018, www.genocidewatch.com/single-post/2018/06/29/STUDY-Did-The-Army-That-Gave-Birth-To-Yugoslavia-Also-Destroy-It.
The strategy during this war, was a very advanced an modern one. The same coalition which acted during the Gulf War, acted during this invasion. Their strategy consisted of rapid attacks towards enemy strong holes and cities, supported by assault vehicles, tanks and aircraft. The Iraqi army could not stand the pressure so after retreating for the most part, many Iraqi soldiers surrender or fought along side gorillas and paramilitary.
Source, image:Blix, Hans. “Why Invading Iraq Was a Terrible Mistake.” CNN, Cable News Network, 19 Mar. 2013, edition.cnn.com/2013/03/18/opinion/iraq-war-hans-blix/index.htm
This war has sawn both modern and old strategies; while government troops have modern equipment and are well organized, revels and the islamic state fighters are mostly obliged to make infantry assaults supported by granade launchers and explosives. Infantry clashes are common as well as Sniper encounters.
image: taken from visme
source: “Syria's War: Who Controls What?” GCC News | Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera, www.aljazeera.com/indepth/interactive/2015/05/syria-country-divided-150529144229467.html.
the evolution of military strategy 1914-today
timeline of events which represented a change in military strategy since WW1 to the Syrian civil war