The Important events involving the Celts and their migration
The Celts migrated from inland Europe to the British Isles where they began to settle
The Celts fight against the Romans on their home turf in Britain and lose the land they had migrated to.
Anglo Saxons invade the British isles and kick the Romans out allowing them to move in and be in close proximity with Celts living there.
Divided by clans of families and social classes, high class consisting of kings and nobles, followed by warriors, and educated men with women not having much standing in the culture.
Fierce warriors, among the most successful when it came to battles compared to other tribes of Brittany.
They became the people of the British isles such as the Welsh, Scottish, Cornwall, Irish, and Brittany speaking all a similar language and dialect.
Who are the Celts?
The Celts are a group of people that speak a similar language
and have some common ancestors.
The word Celts comes from the Greek word "keltoi" meaning barbarian.
Role of Mythology and Religion in Celtic Culture
•Many Celtic tribes had their own tribal religions and other deities
•Placed importance on kings and entering of their gods into their everyday life- tales of invading gods.
•Celtic gods were not confined to one strict function, religion was not unified throughout Celtic culture and many gods took on different meaning
•Believed gods and the legends passed down orally had the ability to help them in battle.
Celtic gods mixed with Roman mythology and many names got mixed together with Roman/Greek names
What defines “Celtic legend”? What Celtic legends have survived?
Celtic legends are stories of great kings and warriors and their path in battle as well as their interactions with the great gods and goddesses of their tribes.
One surviving legend is that of the Morrian- a goddess that represents cycle of life and protection of Celtic armies
The tragedy of Deirdre: King Conchobhar loved Deirdre who didn’t love him back, she marries Naoise and leaves for Scotland. When they return Conchobhar has Naoise killed and takes Deirdre as his wife who doesn't love him and she kills herself. This is a basis for many tragedies in British Isle literature.
The Legend of Swaney Bean
The legend of Sawney Bean goes as so. Sawney Bean and his family lived in a cave that was hidden during high tide. During the night they would go out and hunt people down. They would then bring them back to their cave where they would eat them. The legend says they ate over one thousand people before they were caught and executed.
Overview of Celtic History
Honors Brit Lit Celtic History Project
Our Honors British literature project for the history and legends and the importance of them in Celtic culture today and what they were in the past.