Its everything around us. Heavy rocks are made of matter and things we cant see are made out of matter, like air. Even you and your friends are made of matter. Matter can be as big as a mountain or as small as a grain of sand.
Matter is something which composes of a solid, liquid and gas. Matter is made up of atoms and molecules which are too tiny to see unless you have a instrument to see small things called a microscope
On earth everything is made out of matter
What is Matter?
The 3 different states of matter are due to the different arrangement of particles
3 States of Matter
A solid means that the atoms are packed in really close together so they can't move which means the object holds its shape
A solid is something that holds its shape. Solids can be soft or hard.
Since the solid particles are very closely packed, they hold each other tightly. This is because there is a strong force of attraction between them.
A liquid will always change its shape unlike a solid. It changes shape to fit the shape of the container its put in.
Liquids are sometimes thick like honey or thin like water but no matter what they will always flow.
Atoms in a liquid can move around but they will still stay together. The force of attraction in liquids is weaker than it is in solids
In gases the particles are very far away from each other. The force of attraction is very weak so the particles move around freely.
Sometimes matter can change into a different state usually by applying temperature.
For example if you heat an ice cream it will melt and turn into a liquid but if you make the ice cream cool again it will then turn back into a solid
Melting- When a solid turns into a liquid Freezing- When a liquid turns into a solid Evaporating- When liquid turns into gas Condensing- When gas becomes a liquid
Evaporating or Boiling
Did You Know?
Did you know that water is the only thing on earth that naturally occurs in all 3 states as a solid, liquid and gas?