This deadly disease (if left untreated) is known as epidemic typhus, or Rickettsia prowazekii.
This bacteria affected hundreds of thousands of people all over the world.
(This graph only shows southern United States!)
This disease is spread through animals such as lice, fleas, and rodents. These pests are infected by the bacteria and too close contact with humans allow transmission of the bacteria to the general public. Furthermore, lice and fleas have the opportunity to bite humans and other domestic animals.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Abdominal Pain
- Dull, red rash that spreads throughout the body
- Extremely high fever (105-106 F)
- Hacking and/or dry cough
- Joint and muscle pain
Effects on the Body:
- Inflamed blood vessels
- Dramatic drop in blood pressure
- Internal bleeding
- Kidney failure
- Swelling of the liver and/or spleen
Typhus is easily cured with early treatment of antibiotics such as: azithromycin, doxycycline, tetracycline, or chloramphenicol