Dorothy Ashford-Smith, Fayeann James, Katrina Waite, Latoya Arrindell, Nick Carvajal, Ryan McDougall
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium. The pericardium is a thin, protective, bag-like membrane surrounding the heart. It has two layers, with a lubricating fluid between the layers. Normally the layers can move against each other without irritation. An inflamed pericardium, however, causes irritation, swelling and pain.
—Canadian Heart Association—
Acute fibrinous pericarditis
occurs when the inflamed pericardium is covered with a layer of material called fibrin.
Acute purulent pericarditis
occurs when the pericardium is infected and covered with a thick pus.
Acute constrictive pericarditis
occurs when the pericardium is covered with a dense mass of calcified fibrosis material.
lasts longer than three months. It can be caused by a long-term infection such as tuberculosis. It can lead to fluid build-up around the heart (pericardial effusion).
is a delayed form of pericarditis that is triggered by the immune system’s response to injury. It can happen weeks after a heart attack, heart surgery or a traumatic injury to the heart.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
increased pain as the patient breathes in
increased pain when the patient lies down heart palpitations