The Louisiana Purchase (1803) was a land deal between the United States and France, in which the U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million
It was the deal made so that Missouri could be a Slave state while Maine would be emitted as a free state keeping the balance equal. It also placed an imaginary line between the slave and free states, so that any state being created below the line would be slow, while above was free.
6. Mexican War April 1846- February 1848
War between Mexicans and Americans. American wanted to expand westward but mexico was in the way so the Americans tried to bribe the Mexicans with 30 million dollars, the Mexican government denied the Americans may 1896 Polk declared war.
3. Nat Turner’s Rebellion
Nat Turner's Rebellion (also known as the Southampton Insurrection) was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. Rebel slaves killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white. Annexation of Texas (in the description state why some were initially opposed to this land acquisition)
4. Publication of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
May 1, 1845
A book about Frederick's life written by Frederick Douglass to tell people about the harmful effects of slavery
7. Wilmot Proviso, August 8th,1846- February 1,1847
The Wilmot Proviso was a proposal to prohibit slavery in the territory acquired by the United States at the conclusion of the Mexican War.The House of Representatives approved the appropriations bill and the proviso on August 8, 1846, but the Senate adjourned before it could debate the bill. The House adopted the bill and the proviso in its next session. On February 1, 1847, the Senate approved the bill but rejected the proviso. As a result, the proviso never went into effect
9. Fugitive Slave Act September 18, 1850,
Part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers. ... Abolitionists nicknamed it the "Bloodhound Law", for the dogs that were used to track down runaway slaves.
10.Publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U.S. and is said to have "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War".
11. Kansas Nebraska Act-May 30, 1854.
It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
12. Bleeding Kansas December 1855
Small civil war in the United States, fought between pro-slavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas under the doctrine of popular sovereignty (q.v.). Sponsors of the Kansas–Nebraska Act (May 30, 1854) expected its provisions for territorial self-government to arrest the “torrent of fanaticism” that had been dividing the nation regarding the slavery issue. Instead, free-soil forces from the North formed armed emigrant associations to populate Kansas, while proslavery advocates poured over the border from Missouri. Regulating associations and guerrilla bands were formed by each side, and only the intervention of the Governor prevented violence in the Wakarusa War, launched in December 1855 over the murder of an antislavery settler.
13. Sacking of Lawrence, Kansas- May 21, 1856
On the morning of May 21, 1856 an armed force of as many as 800 men descended upon the newly formed town of Lawrence in the Territory of Kansas and proceeded to systematically destroy it. With this act, the town of Lawrence became the first casualty in America's Civil War that would officially be declared five
15.Pottawatomie Creek Massacre- May 24 1856,
May 24 1856, anti-slavery John Brown, 7 men and entered the slave town of Pottawatomie creek and killed five where he had killed five men.
14. Caning of Charles Sumner- May 22, 1856,
The Caning of Charles Sumner, or the Brooks–Sumner Affair, occurred on May 22, 1856, in the United States Senate when Representative Preston Brooks used a walking cane to attack Senator Charles Sumner, an abolitionist, in retaliation for a speech given by Sumner two days earlier in which he fiercely criticized slaveholders, including a relative of Brooks. The beating nearly killed Sumner and it drew a sharply polarized response from the American public on the subject of the expansion of slavery in the United States. It has been considered symbolic of the "breakdown of reasoned discourse" that eventually led to the American Civil War.
8. Compromise of 1850
Fugitive slave act dispute between California, Utah, and New Mexico on if they wanted to be free or slave states, and Washington DC was slave free, let congress avoid slavery issues for many years
5. Annexation of Texas 1845
(in the description state why some were initially opposed to this land acquisition) Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and became the 28th state.Until 1836, Texas had been part of Mexico, but in that year a group of settlers from the United States who lived in Mexican Texas declared independence. Plus the state was opposed because they where afraid of an imbalance of slave and free states.
16. Dred Scott Decision- March 1857,
In March 1857, the Supreme Court issued its decision in that case, which had been brought before the court by Dred Scott, a slave who had lived with his owner in a free state before returning to the slave state of Missouri. Scott argued that time spent in a free state entitled him to emancipation. But the court decided that no black, free or slave, could claim U.S. citizenship, and therefore blacks were unable to petition the court for their freedom. The Dred Scott decision outraged abolitionists and heightened North-South tensions.
17. Lincoln-Douglas Debates 1858
Lincoln-Douglas debates, series of seven debates between the Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas and Republican challenger Abraham Lincoln during the 1858 Illinois senatorial campaign, largely concerning the issue of slavery extension into the territories. Office of president
First state secedes from the Union
December 20 1860
18. John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry- Oct 16, 1859-Oct 18,1859
John Brown's raid on Harpers' Ferry was an effort by abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in Oct 16, 1859-oct 18,1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Brown's party of 22 was defeated by a company of U.S. Marines, led by First Lieutenant Israel Greene.
19. Election of 1860- Nov. 6, 1860,
United States presidential election of 1860, American presidential election held on Nov. 6, 1860, in which Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell.
The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, 1861)
The bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War.