Only 11% of the engineering workforce is female³, this is the lowest percentage in Europe according to the Institute of Engineering and Technology⁸.
Is this acceptable?
Parents and teachers tend to lack the encouragement to pursue such a rewarding and interesting career³⁷.
Primary research showed that ¼ of students did not receive any encouragement from schools to pursue a STEM career nniejde
Does this have any actual impact in real life?
of A-level physics students are girls and this hasn't changed in 25 years! ³
The comparison of males to females in maths and physics A-levels is shocking. It is apparent there is something holding so many girls back from choosing STEM subjects.
44% of schools
still send no girls to study physics at university ³⁵
said they received no encouragement from schools in a survey of students²⁵
what are the impacts of the gender gap?
so if women are so economically beneficial
why out of 2,743 UK engineers are only 7% women across a range of sectors? ⁹
could be added to the annual GDP if women are enabled to meet their full potentials in work³
By 2025, as much as
15.1% of undergraduates in the UK were female, compared to 30% in India ³, this is poor. Especially given the UK's global status.
15.1% of engineering undergraduates in the UK were women, compared to 30% in India, this is poor. Especially considering the UK's global status.
Is gender pay gap a thing?
is how less per year women engineers earn than men ⁹
At a junior level, women earn on average£4k lessthan their male colleagues. ⁹
At a director level, the gap widens and women are paid on average £20k less ⁹
Why are there so many gender gaps?
Women often move from industry into academia, like teaching, as they are typically more flexible careers for young mothers.⁸
homogenizing intelligence in a team is better for cutting edge developments ³º
lack of diversity stiffles creativity and makes information processing slower ³¹
Mixed workforces allow for more creativity and bigger opportunities to be explored.³º
people are forced to stretch themselves to meet the abilities of others ³¹
so if diverse teams work better, why are STEM teams mostly, if not completely, male?
Facing discrimination in the workplace
Women often move from industry to academia, such as teaching, because they're seen as more flexible careers for young mothers⁸
90% of average weekly earnings for 6 weeks
£145.18 or 90% of weekly earnings (lowest one) for 33 weeks
when paternity pay is even worse, less women return to their jobs as partners cannot afford to look after the baby
FACING INCREASED DISCRIMINATION
INCLUDE BEING MADE REDUNDANT AND SWITCHED TO ZERO-HOUR CONTRACTS. THIS HAS LED TO A 60% RISE IN THE NUMBER OF WOMEN SEEKING ADVICE ABOUT MATERNITY LEAVE ISSUES ⁴º
STATUTORY MATERNITY PAY (SMP)³³
"it's empowering to be a woman in engineering as there's a stereotype being broken by doing so."
"IT TAKES AGES TO BREAK A MINDSET"⁴²
Are there any psychological gaps?
research by the American Psychological Association shows that boys and girls understood maths concepts equally well ²³
so where did this stereotype of men being superior in STEM subjects come from?
Many studies demonstrated that there was occasionally a gender difference in math performance. ²³
This was found to be due to the women having greater anxiety during the maths test which disrupted their memory causing an underperformance. ²³
A wide range of sociocultural forces contribute to sex differences in mathematics and science achievement and ability—including the effects of family, neighbourhood, peer, and school influences ²⁴
Biologically, there are advantages and disadvantages for both genders
thicker cortices: higher cognitive and general intelligence
menopause and hormonal fluctuations have an impact on brain structure ²⁴
higher total brain volume: learning inhibition, memory, relaying information, processing, decision making
however, they are also more emotional in general
as summed up by Jonathan Wells²º
"I did not, for example, grow up in the world that discouraged me from focusing on hard science, nor did I live in a society that told me not to get dirty, or said I was bossy for exhibiting leadership skills."
of female academics practising in STEM fields had, at some point in their professional careers, fallen victim to sexist remarks, treatment or behaviourof female academics practising in STEM fields had, at some point in their professional careers, fallen victim to sexist remarks, treatment or behaviour.of female academics practising in STEM fields had, at some point in their professional careers, fallen victim to sexist remarks, treatment or behaviour
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Are you brave enough to face the "barriers" and take on STEM?