- The Himalayas: One of world's largest mountain ranges, dominates northeastern Nepal // formed by tectonic collision
- Mt. Everest: Called "Mother of the world", highest point on Earth's surface at 29,029 feet tall
- Terai is an alluvial plain in southern Nepal // Once had dense tropical rainforests, but is now populated (lowest point in country)
- Hills: makes up 64% of total land area and almost 50% of people inhabit this area // People grow food in the steepest mountains
- Koshi River: drains the northern slopes of the himalayans and is at the mouth of the ganges // 453 miles long
- Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south.
- Total land area: 147,181 sq. km.
- Coordinates: 28.00'N 84.00'E
- Capital: Kathmandu (southern part of country)
- Ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by its river systems
- Biome: Deciduous (experiences all 4 seasons)
- Temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer
- Ranges from tropical to arctic depending upon the altitude
- Terai region: lies on the tropical southern part of the country, is very hot and humid
- Mid-land regions: pleasant almost all year round with cool winter nights
- Medicinal plants grown in himalayas
- Famous for orchids
- Nepali is the official language // Indo-European
Hinduism is the national religion and is practiced by 81% of the population. The geographical distribution of religious groups in the 90's made hinduism very popular and many hindu festivals are dedicated to dozens of deities.
Buddhism is second most popular at 9%. The largest concentration of buddhists in Nepal is on the Eastern hills.
The number has decreased from 15 years ago due to dual faith practices.
The last 10% consists of people practicing islam, christianity sikhism, jainism, or no religion.
Key Sporting Events
Long shirts and trousers or skirts with intricate designs and bright colors. Often decorated with beads and jewelry
Since Hinduism is main religions, much of art focuses on the hindu gods. Detailed carvings of deities.
Nepal is known for its cricket and soccer is also commonly played. They participate in annual biking championships and cricket tournaments.
- Stage 2 - A lot of agriculture (farming, planting, harvesting)
- In trying to increase production, the government uses a lot of fertilizers and insecticides
- Grain farming- Rice is the most important crop and in 1989 more than 3 million tons were produced. They are also known for crops such as wheat, millet, and barley
- Subsistence agriculture-most people farm for families and local groups of people, only small amount sell
- Many symbols from hindu and buddhist sources
- Auspicious signs including the Shiva's trident, and decorate buses, trucks, and walls
- Other significant symbols include trees, the sun, and eyes which are used to designate political parties