The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early mid-19th century and used by African American slaves to escape into free states, Canada and Nova Scotia with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause. More about the Underground Railroad..... In order to get others to help capture these runaway slaves, their owners would post reward posters offering a payment for the capture of the slaves. If they were cause any terrible thing can happen to them. Many captured runaway slaves were beat, branded, jailed, sold, or killed. The first mention of the Underground Railroad came in 1831 when salve Tice Davis had escaped from Kentucky to Ohio and his owner blamed an underground railroad for helping him to freedom.
Who was involved
Harriet Tubman, perhaps the most well-known conductor of the Underground Railroad, helped hundreds of runaway slaves escape to freedom. She never had lost one of them along the way. Harriet Tubman was a slave herself but she had got helped along to the Unground Railroad by another conductor which was William Still. He wrote The Underground Railroad: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives, Letter, etc....
Abolitionist of the Underground Railroad
The Quakers are considered the first organized group to actively help salves that escaped. In 1786 George Washington had complained that the Quakers had attempted to take one of his slaves.
In the early 1800s, Quaker abolitionist Isaac T. Hopper had made a network in Philadelphia that helped slaves that were on the run. But, at the same time, Quakers in North Carolina had established abolitionist groups that laid the ground work for routes and shelters for runaway slaves.
- Slavery existed in the United States before it was established as a country
- Slavery involved from the practice of indentured servitude. Past to slavery, an individual who wished to come to the new world who did not have the funds would work for someone until their debt was paid off. Slavery became the new trend in 1700 when it became legal to own someone instead of the practice of indentured servitude.
- Slavery was a brutal way of life. Blacks were mistreated, overworked, and under paid, some unpaid,
By: Jonathan Bailey
The Underground Railroad
Perry - 6th Period - Underground Railroad Presentation - Jonathan Bailey