This battle was between the Free French Forces, led by Charles de Gaulle, and the Vichy French Forces led by Georges Pierre Masson. It took place in West Africa from October 27, 1940 to November 12, 1940. Georges Pierre Masson was forced to surrender after the Free French Forces took hold of Gabon, Libreville, and all French Equatorial Africa. There were around 100 casualties between both sides during the Gabon campaign. The Vichy French Force soldiers refused to join the Free French forces, which effectively forced them to be prisoners of war.
Battle of Guadalcanal
The Blitz was a series of German aerial raids led by Adolf Hitler and Hermann Goring against the British. It took place in various cities in England from September 7, 1940 to May 11, 1941, and only ended when Hitler called off the bombing. During the Blitz, approximately 43,000 civilians died, and more than 140,000 were injured. Although the Blitz was a Nazi attempt to force the British out of WWII, it did not hinder Britain’s ability to fight by much.
The First Battle of El Alamein
This battle was between the British, led by Commander Auchinleck Ritchie, and the Germans, led by Commander Erwin Rommel. It took place in Germany from July 1 to July 27, 1942. On the Allies’ side there were about 13,250 wounded, captured, missing, and killed, and 17,000 on the Axis’ side. The effect of the battle was the delaying of which side got to have Egypt.
Battle of Guadalcanal
This battle was between the US, led by General Millard F. Harmon, and Japan, led by Hiroaki Abe. It took place in the Solomon Islands from August 7, 1942 to February 9, 1943, and was won by the Allied forces. There were 1,600 American lives lost, and more than 24,000 Japanese soldier casualties. An effect was that Japan didn’t attack offensively again because they lost the Battle of Guadalcanal.
Operation Market Garden
This battle was between the British, led by General Charles Frederick Howard Gough, and the Germans, led by General Otto Moritz Walter Model. It took place in Arnhem, Netherlands from September 17 to September 26, 1944, and was won by the Axis forces. The Allies suffered 8,838 casualties, and the Axis had 3,300. An effect of Operation Market Garden was that the city of Arnhem was completely destroyed.
Battle of the Bulge
This battle was between America, led by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Germany, led by Adolf Hitler. It took place in Wallonia, Belgium and Northeastern France, from December 16, 1944 to January 25, 1945, and was won by American troops. The Allies suffered about 19,000 casualties, and the Axis had somewhere from 63,222 to 98,000. A great effect of this battle is that Hitler was never able to start an offensive battle in the west successfully again.