Gothic artists began to use brighter colors, dimensions and perspective, and moved toward more realism. They also began to use more shadows and light in their art and tried out new subject matters beyond just religion including animals in mythic scenes.
Early Art in the Western Empire
The western empire initially restricted to the production of religious Christian art in the form of illuminated manuscripts in churches. There were no portrait paintings. The colors were generally muted.
Byzantine art was characterized by its lack of realism. The artists did not try to make their paintings realistic, but they focused on the symbolism of their art. Paintings were flat with no shadows and the subjects were generally very serious.
What was Art in the Middle Ages?
The colors were generally muted. The Later Middle Ages saw the emergence of Gothic Art and major advances of art in Medieval Times. During this period artists broke away from the influences of the Byzantium art style. It developed into Gothic art. There was religious paintings and flat paintings with no shadows. Some paintings were serious.