Tokugawa Ieyasu was born Matsudaira Takechiyo in 1542
.One of the most importan figures in Japanese history, Ieyasu was a warrior, statesman and founder of the Tokugawa dynasty of shoguns.
Ieyasu died on 17 April 1616.
In the 1600's Japan was under control of the Tokoguawa, that dynasty brought strength, security and peace. Before Japan was under control of the Tokoguawa it was just an individual chain of islands that we're self controlled they had massive civil wars. In 1603, Tokoguawa Ieyasu ended the wars and unified Japan. As one can see the starting of a dynasty that would la st for the next two hundred and fifty years.
Honor was a huge role that played in the Samurai life that warriors would commit ritual suicide if the code was broken.
Because of the rigid social structure social mobility was rare this benefited the Tokugawa power
Code of Etiquette
The code of etiquette was important to Japan's government they had expectations for social behaviors.
During the Tokugawa rule japanese women didn't actually exist, they could not own any property. In a way women were tied down to males
III Submissions I When young, she submits to her father. II When married, she submits to her husband. III When old, she submits to her sons.
Women Roles in Japan
Heavy on Chinese Influence
Early political structures
Even though Japan was never conquered by the Chinese their culture was blurred with Japanese and Chinese customs
Economy depended on the irrigation of rice fields. Also trade with East Asia.
The farmers used the hoe, sickle, plow, fertilizers, and rice seedlings.
Rice Paddy Fields
What Blossomed in Japan
A poem with a set pattern of 5-7-5
How Isolation Takes Part in
Being Isolated from the rest of the world had beneficial factors for the Tokugawa. It helped Japan keep it's culture vivid. The downside of resisting cultural change would be that they would not be able to explore new ideas, the Tokugawa would not develop.
In the beginning the Tokugawa rulers accepted trade and exploring new ideas. All the exploring and trades ceased when the rulers noticed that some Japanese began to convert to Catholicism. The Tokugawa rulers were infuriated, their intolerance of religion spread by ceasing all missionaries and conversions.
By 1638, their xenophobia had reached it's climax. Due to their fear the Tokugawa had limited trade and prohibited their people from traveling.
Decline Of Tokugawa
In the mid-1800 an American worships forced Japan to open up their trade. Later on the Tokugawa would lose power of Japan.
1868-Tokugawa rule ended one causes was due to the heavy political structure