The history of the rights of citizens, to political and social freedoms
All men are created equal and there are certain unalienable rights that governments should never violate. These rights include the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. When a government fails to protect those rights, it is not only the right, but also the duty of the people to overthrow that government.
Declaration of Independence
US Civil War
The war was about slavery, but primarily about its economic consequences. The northern elite wanted economic expansion that would change the southern (slave-holding) way of life.
Ruled that African Americans were not and could never be citizens of the United States;
Dred Scott Decision
Plessy v. Ferguson
Granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.”
It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality
A civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans.
Founding of NAACP
"Separate but Equal"
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
The Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Brown v. Board of Education
A series of nonviolent protests
a series of nonviolent protests in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960,which led to the Woolworth department store chain removing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.
I Have a Dream Speech
A public speech that was delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the United States.
Civil Rights Act
Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Voting Rights Act
Aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
University of CA
Obergefell v. Hodge
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
It upheld affirmative action, allowing race to be one of several factors in college admission policy.
A case in which the Supreme Court of the U.S. ruled that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
How Civil Rights in America
Civil Rights in America have come very far, but not quite far enough. Many laws have been passed to protect the diversity that makes the United States who we are; united and equal. But, today, many groups are still battling the struggle of equality. "Equality still Elusive 50 years after Civil Right Act" is the headline of a recent USA Today article that claimed in almost every economic category, African Americans have seen much improvement, but not enough. The rate of unemployment is double than those of white workers, which is a big issue as it relates to economics. Housing is a common issue with a lot of citizens, but more frequent in African Americans, especially women. Even when buying or renting a home, African Americans are usuallysecondchoice for realtors and landlords, who often choose a white applicant over a block one. College graduation rates have still been cut short for African Americans, compared to white students. While all of these rates are lower than white counterparts, they have seen much improvement since the beginning of the revolution of American Civil Rights, and will continue to grow each day.