Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. When a writer uses literal language, he or she is simply stating the facts as they are. Onomatopoeia- A word that is associated with a sound.
Simile- Speech that compares using like or as.
Metaphor- Speech that compares without using like or as.
Hyperbole- An exaggeration.
Personification- is a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes.
Allusion- is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
Idiom- refers to a set expression or comprising two or more words.
Imagery- to represent objects and actions in a person's mind.
Alliteration- It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.
Anaphora- the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect.
Irony- a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.