Prior to the 1970s, the chances of women pursuing a college education or competing at a college competition level were very slim. IN 1972, Congress opened doors for women to gain proportional participation opportunities. Congress passed Title IX of the Education Amendment Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender at educational institutions that are receipts of federal funds. Title IX requires female athletes to receive the same treatment and benefits that male athletes do.
Billie Jean King was a major advocate for women's equality in sports. King was the instrument in making it acceptable for American women to exert themselves in pursuits other than childhood. Billie Jean King went up against male competitor, Bobby Riggs, and won all three sets.