What Coffee Companies need to do:
1. Plan to be child-labour free. Companies need to make public their commitment, step-by-step plan and goals for sourcing only ethical coffee.
2. Be transparent. Companies need to tell customers where their coffee comes from. They need to work with third-party ethical certification organizations such as Fairtrade, Rain forest Alliance and UTZ that are part of the ISEAL Alliance to verify their coffee is ethically sourced.
3. Support local farmers. Companies need to pay fair prices for coffee. They need to help educate and facilitate the education of farmers on ways to eliminate exploitative and dangerous labour practices. They need to support initiatives that make it possible for farmers to improve farming methods to produce quality, environmentally sustainable coffee.
Coffee farmers are forced to sell to middlemen who pay them half the market price, generally between $0.30-0.50 per pound.
Labour exploitation in the global coffee industry
A coffee plantation farmer makes $2-3 dollars per day IF he can pick 50 kilograms of coffee
60% of national income is from coffee exports
Many coffee farmers receive prices for their harvest that can be less than the costs of production, forcing them into a cycle of poverty and debt.
Family farmers usually bring in a cash income of $500-$1,000 a year for their coffee.
90% of coffee production takes place in developing countries. Over 30 of these countries export coffee to Canada. Canada is the fastest growing traditional importing country in terms of coffee consumption per capita.
Retail sales of coffee in Canada reached nearly $1.6 billion in 2012.
Up from $1.3 billion in 2011.
Those numbers are projected to reach $3.1 billion by 2017.