Publish at 31 August 1970 same time with the 13th anniversary of Malaysia's independence.
Drafting by MAPEN.
1st principle of Rukun Negara
Kepercayaan Kepada Tuhan ( Belief in God)
1. Belief in God
The People and Nation were established based on our strong faith in God.
Islam is the official religion of the Federation.
Other religions and faiths can be practised in peace and harmony and the act of discriminating a citizen in the name of a religion is forbidden.
Importance of community members holding robustness against their religious teachings
2nd Principle of Rukun Negara
The second principle of the rukun Negara: Kesetiaan Kepada Raja dan Negara ( Loyalty to King and Country)
Malaysia practices constitutional monarchy.
making His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong the Head of the Country
Their Royal Highnesses the Kings are the heads of their respective states.
Loyalty is demanded from the citizens through genuine devotion.
the Kings' people must also be devoted to their respective Kings without compromising their loyalty towards Yang di-Pertuan agong.
Importance and impact of Kesetiaan Kepada Raja dan Negara ( Loyalty to King and Country)
Unwavering loyalty towards the Rulers and the nation unites various races into an integrated and harmonious Nation.
It represents how Malaysia has been able to find the right balance in being a democratic country and one that also practices monarchy.
It has also been able to mold the Malaysian citizens to continue moving forward into a fully developed nation without forgetting tradition.
3rd Principle of Rukun Negara
SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION:
The Constitution came into force on 27 August 1957 but formal independence was only achieved on 31 August. This constitution was amended in 1963 to admit Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore as additional member states of the Federation . The Constitution, in its current form consists of 15 parts containing 230 articles and 13 schedule including (57 amendments).
Fundamental liberties in Malaysia are set out in Articles 5 to 13 of the Constitution, under the following headings: prohibition of slavery and forced labor, protection against retrospective criminal laws and repeated trials, equality, prohibition of banishment and freedom of movement, freedom of speech, assembly and association, freedom of religion, rights in respect of education and rights to property. Some of these liberties and rights are subject to limitations and exceptions and some are available to citizens only (for example, the freedom of speech, assembly and association).
It is the history which has enshrined a number of clauses in the Constitution such as those pertaining to the status of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the Kings, Islam as the official religion, Bahasa Melayu as the national and official language, the privileges of the Malays and other native communities as well as the granting of citizenship.
the Constitution places certain responsibilities and obligations towards the Nation and Country. Every citizen is required to respect and appreciate the content, meaning and history of the Constitution.
It is a noble and solemn responsibility for a citizen to preserve and uphold the Constitution.
4th Principle of Rukun Negara
Definition of The Rule of Law
Everyone in the country must follow the same law.
What is the Rule of Law based on?
The rule of law is a definition according to the content of the law which has to conform to human rights.
Some human rights are protected by the Malaysian Constitution (Articles 5 to 13).
Every country needs law
5th Principle of Rukun Negara
(Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan) aka Good behaviour & Morality
AIM : One of the keys to the multi-racial society in the country to promote harmony and racial unity for the sake of Malaysia's success and stability.
Every person in society is required to act and behave politely and morally.
We must have high morals, respect for others and avoid asking sensitive questions.
Creates unity among Chinese, Malay & Indians in Malaysia.
Avoid any racial issues that can happen between the three main races in the country.
IMPORTANCE OF RUKUN NEGARA TO THE COUNTRY
Create unity among the different races
Preserving a democratic way of life
KEPERCAYAAN KEPADA TUHAN (BELIEF IN GOD)
To recognise the importance of people holding robustness on their teaching of religious
KESETIAAN KEPADA RAJA DAN NEGARA (LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY)
To ensure that every citizen is devoted faithful, honest and sincere to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the country
KELUHURAN PERLEMBAGAAN (THE SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION)
Pressing need to accept, obey and defend the constitution of the country
Kedaulatan Undang-Undang ( Rule of Law)
To ensure that all citizen are being protected and follow the rules held by country.
Kesopanan dan Kesusilaan ( Good Behavior and Morality)
To create a peaceful multi-racial country and all racial can live together and help each other.
The effects to Malaysia without Rukun Negara
The effects to Malaysia without Rukun Negara
Racial issues increase
Crime case more and more emerge
Riot of races may happen again
Betrayal of the citizens
The citizens do not have freedom and the right of speech
The citizens personality and behaviour become terrible
Implemented after the incident of may 13
Become a ideology for the citizen to follow
Importance of Rukun Negara
Creating unity among races
Avoid any radical issue happen between races
Create a way of democracy life in Malaysia
Serve purpose of the wealth in the nation must be shared equally among the nations
Element that make Rukun Negara important
Each citizen respect others cultural, traditions, and religion practiced by other race
It make citizen in Malaysia to have love and loyalty towards the King
Enables citizen to live in a democratic way in their country where every citizen have its own freedom