Civil War Battles
this signaled the start of the war. General Beauregard sent Major Anderson a message saying that he would fire in one hour if Anderson didn't surrender he didn't surrender and the firing began. The South bombarded Fort Sumter from all sides. Anderson then surrendered
The Battle of Fort Sumter 04/12-13/1861
First Battle of Bull Run
07/ 21/ 1861
The Capture of Fort Donelson 02/ 14-15/ 1862
The Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac 03/ 8-9/ 1862
Fought in Tennessee The Confederate Army, led by General's Albert Johnston and P.T. Beauregard, attacked the Union Army led by General Ulysses S. Grant. They won the first day, however, General Johnston was killed and they stopped the attack. The next day reinforcements arrived for the North. The North counterattacked and drove back the Confederate Army. There were around 20,000 casualties and 3500 deaths in this battle.
Battle of Shiloh 04/7-6/1862
The city of New Orleans was the largest city in the Confederacy and a major port . Flag officer David G. Farragut led the attack of the Union Navy from the Mississippi River. He first attempted to bombard the two forts, Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, but was unsuccessful. Then he broke through the chain between the two forts in the river and proceeded to the city of New Orleans.
The Battle of New Orleans 04/24/1862
Battle of Antietam 09/17/1862
There were six major battles fought during this time near the city of Richmond, Virginia. General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army attempted to capture the Union Army under General George B. McClellan. As McClellan's army retreated, Lee continued to attack. McClellan managed to escape, but Lee had gained a victory.
Seven Days Battle 07/25/1862-08/25/1862
This battle took in Fredericksburg, Virginia. It was a huge battle involving over 180,000 soldiers. The North was led by General Ambrose Burnside and the South was led by General Robert E. Lee. The North was leading a major attack into the South. General Lee managed to fight them back with a much smaller force. It was considered a major victory for the Southern forces.
Battle of Fredericksburg 12/11-15/1862
This was the first major battle fought in North. It was fought near Sharpsburg, Maryland its known as the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War. There were over 23,000 casualties and 4600 deaths. The Confederate Army, led by General Robert E. Lee, was outnumbered, but still managed to fight off the more conservative Union Army, led by General George B. McClellan. Eventually, though, the Union Amy was able to push back Lee's army and cause them to retreat from Northern soil.
This was one of the most significant naval battles during the civil war primarily because of the new kinds of warships used. It was fought near Hampton Roads, Virginia. The Monitor and Merrimac were the first iron clad warships. These new ships could easily defeat wooden ships.
This was the first major land battle of the war. It took place on near the city of Manassas, Virginia. General Irvin McDowell led the Union troops against P.T. Beauregard's Confederate Army. The goal was to capture the Confederate capitol of Richmond, Virginia.
the Union Army under Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Donelson from the Confederates. This is the first major Union victory in the war and opened up a route for the Union Army into Northern Alabama.
The Battle of Gettysburg 7/1-3/1863
On the 1st day Confederates outnumbered the Union and caused them to retreat through the town of Gettysburg to the south side of town. on 2nd day, the armies from both sides were now at full force. The Union had around 94,000 soldiers and the Confederates around 72,000. The 3rd day, General Lee decided to make an all or nothing attack. they then retreated