Orcas in the wild and captivity
Orca attacks in captivity, some of which occured with same orca.
Orcas have been taken from the wild to be in captivity since 1961.
Physical, Environmental, Social and Intellectual needs of Orcas
Orcas are able to go a while without food because of their blubber where they store extra fat. They can also go up to almost 2 hours completely under water before coming up for air.
Orcas rely on sound production and reception to navigate, communicate, and hunt in dark or murky waters. They use echolocation to communicate and hunt, making sounds that travel underwater until they encounter objects, then bounce back, revealing their location, size, and shape.
Orcas are highly social, and they interact with each other actively; they usually search for food as a group. They swim in pods of 30 to 60 members and have their own set of vocalizations. Orcas are probably the most socially bonded of all mammals on our entire planet
An orca's brain is nearly four times the size of a human brain. Both human and orca brains contain deep folds that are indicative of the potential for high intelligence.
Pros vs. Cons of Orca Captivity
Keeping a few in captivity protects the species from being hunted and going extinct. So, keeping orcas in captivity could be for the greater good both for educational purposes and for the benefit of the species as a whole.
Isolating them from their family damages their health emotionally, socially and psychologically. By removing the orcas from their natural habitat and separating them from their families, the animals become dependent on Sea World for food and can no longer swim freely as needed. They are confined to a tank for life.They can also be dangerous to humans.
I don't think that the captivity of orcas should be allowed. They are either taken from the wild as a baby or were bred in captivity and taken from their mom at a very young age. Since orcas in captivity are from different pods they might not get along. Lastly, they can be harmful to their trainers. While they are under so much pressure and in such a small space they can get easily agitated and take it out on whoever is in the water with them.
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Should Orcas Be Kept in Captivity? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://newsactivist.com/en/news-summary/ethics-1289-fournier-sylvester-champlain-fall-2016/should-orcas-be-kept-captivity
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By Grace Sawyer