Nutrition Strategies for Assisted Living Residents
Marissa Feldberg/Rissa Fitness
"Let Food Be Thy Medicine and Medicine Be Thy Food" -Hippocrates
Nutrition Needs for Personal Care Residents
Older Adults Have
Why Is This Important?
Physical Functioning, Independence, Cognitive Functioning and Longevity
Calorie Needs < Caloric Intake of the Diet = Obesity
and Loss of Functional Independence
Caloric Needs Decrease; Nutrient Needs Increase
Calorie Needs for Adults over 70: 1500-1600 per day
for sedentary women. 1900-2000
calories per day for sedentary men.
Sedentary = < 1.5 miles per day. I.E Activities of Daily Living Only.
Smaller size residents may need even fewer calories to maintain their body weight.
Residents may be consuming more than this in meals alone.
At Snacks: Aim for More Vegetables and Fruits (Mostly Water).
Satisfying Lean Protein Sources
Fewer "Treat" Foods and Empty Calories
Fewer Processed Foods
These are all low calorie, nutrient rich options.
Portion Sizes 20 Years Ago Versus Today
WHEN IN DOUBT, USE A FOOD SCALE
Will Help you Control Calories and Portion Sizes
Impaired Kidney Function Reduces Thirst, Which Increases the Risk for Dehydration
Encourage Residents to Drink Fluids!
Common Nutrient Deficiencies in Older Adults
Calcium, Zinc, Iron, B Vitamins,
Fat Soluble Vitamins A, D, E, K:
Serve Residents Fruits and Veggies, Leafy Green Veggies, Fat Free or Low Fat Dairy
B Vitamins (B12 and B6)
Good sources of B12 are milk and yogurt.
Good Sources of B6: fish, potatoes and Chicken.
Vitamin D: Aim for dark leafy greens, and fortified foods and supplements.
Please Feel Free to Contact Me with More Questions/Concerns: