PWS is a genetic disorder that affects the mental and physical capacity of its victims. A person with PWS is born extremely weak and with extremely abnormal amount of muscle tissue deficiency development, also their brain develops very slow compared to that of an average infant. Their ability to communicate becomes minimal and processing skills does not improve . As they grow older they develop an insatiable appetite and lose the ability to feel full, this leads to obesity and other mental and physical health problems they develop if they cannot cope.
PWS is a rare defect and is caused by the absence of chromosome 15 in a fetuses genetic code. this can not be easily detected in genetic analysis.
- When a child inherits the chromosome 15 from the mother but not enough from the father this can result in the complete deletion of the chromosome.
In A Child
- Obesity, and other related health problems.
- Extreme mental incapacity / Social problems.
- Rapid weight gain.
- Display signs of other mental illnesses.
- Inability to cope with emotions.
- Males become infertile.
- Under developed sex organs.
- Is born weak and under developed physically.
- Poor reflexes.
- Low muscle tone.
- Unable to control appetite.
- Smaller than normal hands and feet.
- Slower than normal metabolic rate.
1 in 15-18,000 babies are born with P.W.S. each year.
- This occurs when the child does not inherit any of the chromosome from the father.
Uniparental disomy (UPD)
- This occurs when a part of the genetic imprinting is inactive or just does not affect the person.
PWS can affect anyone of any gender, race or geographical origin.
PWS has no cure but these treatment methods help the patients live as comfortable and as healthy as they can.
- Growth Hormone intake (to help body and speech development
- Therapy/ counseling to help with emotion control
- Supervision of food consumption
- Other needed medications for current mental illnesses
- Placement in long term care homes
Who Is At Risk?
In An Adult